- Personnes d'importance historique nationale
Les personnes d'importance historique nationale sont identifiés par le gouvernement canadien pour leur rôle dans l'histoire canadienne.
Actuellement, les ajouts à cette liste de personnes sont approuvées par le ministre de l'Environnement basée sur les recommandations de la Commission des lieux et monuments historiques du Canada qui opère sous la agence Parcs Canada. Environ 70 candidatures sont soumises au conseil d'administration chaque année. En 2009, huit personnes supplémentaires ont été désignés comme d'importance historique. Une personne est admissible à être répertoriés, 25 ans après la mort, si le Premier ministre qui mai être désignée en tout temps après la mort.
Liste des personnes d'importance historique nationale
Nom Rôle Année désignée Maude Abbott medical researcher 1993 John Abbott Prime Minister 1938 William Aberhart Premier (Alberta), Social Credit leader 1974 Gabriel Acquin hunter, cultural broker, Maliseet guide 1999 Frank Dawson Adams geologist 1943 Mary Electa Adams women's education reformer 2004 Thomas Beamish Akins historian 1938 Emma Albani musician (opera soprano) 1937 William Donald Albright journalist, agriculturalist, promoted development of Peace River district 1954 Grant Allen author 1938 Susan Louisa Moir Allison author, historian (First Nations) 2007 Walter Seymour Allward sculptor 2002 Adams George Archibald Father of Confederation, Lieutenant-Governor (Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia) 1938 Edith Archibald women's rights 1997 Edward William Archibald surgeon 1998 Samuel George William Archibald Attorney General (Nova Scotia), Chief Justice (Prince Edward Island) 1939 Joseph E. Atkinson publisher, philanthropist 1986 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé author 1974 Charles Aubert de La Chesnaye businessman 1971 George Back artist, Arctic explorer 1973 William Baffin Arctic explorer 1972 Charles Bagot Governor General (British North America), role in responsible government 1926 Frederick Walker Baldwin engineer 1957 Robert Baldwin co-premier (Province of Canada), reformer, role in responsible government 1937 Frederick Banting medical researcher (insulin), shared Nobel Prize 1945 Marius Barbeau ethnographer, folklorist 1985 William George Barker military, World War I pilot 1998 Robert Bartlett Arctic explorer 1969 Arthur Beauchesne parliamentary expert 2003 François Beaulieu Métis leader 2000 Adam Beck politician, founded Ontario Hydro 1938 William George Beers dentist, developed modern sport of lacrosse 1976 Matthew Baillie Begbie judge, Chief Justice (British Columbia) 1959 Edward Belcher naval officer, surveyor 1938 Georges-Antoine Belcourt missionary, banker 1959 Robert Bell geologist (Chief Geologist of Canada), explorer 1938 John Wilson Bengough cartoonist, journalist, poet, lecturer 1938 Charles Fox Bennett businessman, politician 1975 R. B. Bennett Prime Minister 1949 Joseph-Elzéar Bernier mariner (promoted Canadian sovereignty in the Arctic Archipelago) 1961 Norman Bethune physician, political activist 1972 William Beynon (Gusgai'in) First Nations chief, ethnographer 1989 Michel Bibaud poet, historian 1944 Mary and Henry Bibb author, abolitionist, publisher (African Canadian community) 2002 Big Bear (Misto-ha-a-Musqua) First Nations leader (Plains Cree), role in North-West Rebellion 1971 Billy Bishop World War I pilot, Victoria Cross recipient 1980 Davidson Black physician, palaeontologist (Peking Man) 1974 Martha Black politician (second woman Member of Parliament) 1987 Thornton and Lucie Blackburn escaped slaves, founded Toronto's first taxi operation 1999 Edward Blake Premier (Ontario) 1937 Richard Blanshard Governor (Vancouver Island) 1951 Jean Blewett journalist, poet 1946 La Bolduc (Mary Travers) musician 1992 Joseph-Armand Bombardier businessman, inventor (snowmobile) 1994 Robert Bond Prime Minister (Newfoundland, pre-Confederation) 1975 Robert Borden Prime Minister 1938 Jim Boss assisted First Nations in the Yukon 2001 Pierre Boucher author, government official, First Nations interpreter 1978 Joseph Bouchette author, cartographer, Surveyor General of Lower Canada 1937 Sieurs de La Boularderie (Louis-Simon le Poupet de la Boularderie, his son Antoine settlers (Cape Breton) 1964 Henri Bourassa politician, publisher (Le Devoir) 1962 Marguerite Bourgeoys nun, founded first Canadian religious community (Congregation of Notre Dame) 1985 John George Bourinot House of Commons clerk, founded Royal Society of Canada 1938 Mackenzie Bowell Prime Minister 1945 Joseph W. Boyle businessman (mining) 1984 Joseph Brant (Thayendanega) First Nations leader (Mohawk), British ally, settler 1972 Mary Brant (Tekonwatonti) First Nations leader (Six Nations) 1994 John Gough Brick missionary, settler 1954 Emmanuel Briffa theatre decorator 2007 Allan Brooks artist (wildlife) 1999 Harriet Brooks nuclear physicist 2005 George Brown Father of Confederation, publisher (Globe), abolitionist (Underground Railroad) 1950 George Browne architect 2008 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin Governor General (British North America, pre-Confederation), role in responsible government 1953 Étienne Brûlé explorer, Coureur de bois, lived among First Nations 1984 George Bryce educator (Manitoba College), historian 1947 Douglas Brymner archivist, founded Public Archives of Canada 1938 Patrick Burns rancher, businessman, Senator 1960 Thomas Button Arctic explorer 1972 John By engineer (Rideau Canal) 1954 George Frederick Cameron journalist, poet 1946 Lydia Campbell author 2009 Alexander Campbell Father of Confederation 1939 Wilfred Campbell writer 1938 Charles Camsell geologist, Commissioner (Northwest Territories) 2001 William Canniff physician, historian, teacher 1945 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester Governor (Quebec, pre-Confederation), Governor-in-Chief (British North America) 1974 John Carling brewer, politician, founded Dominion Experimental Farms 1938 Bliss Carman poet 1945 Emily Carr author, painter 1950 William Carson businessman, physician, reformer 1954 Frederick Carter Father of Confederation, Prime Minister (Newfoundland, pre-Confederation) 1959 George-Étienne Cartier Father of Confederation, French-Canadian statesman 1937 Richard John Cartwright politician 1938 Joseph Casavant manufacturer (pipe organs) 1974 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle explorer, founded Lachine, rebuilt Fort Frontenac 1934 Claude Champagne musician (composer) 1988 Samuel de Champlain explorer, founded Quebec City, "The Father of New France" 1929 Edward Barron Chandler Father of Confederation, Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick) 1939 Jean-Charles Chapais Father of Confederation, Senator 1943 Thomas Chapais historian, Senator 1955 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau Premier (Quebec), politician 1974 Margaret Ridley Charlton medical librarian, co-founder Medical Library Association 2003 William Henry Chase businessman, philanthropist 1939 Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry seigneur, military leader, politician 2006 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve military officer, founded Montreal 1985 Robert Christie historian, politician 1938 Francis Clergue businessman (Sault Ste. Marie industry) 1987 John Clinch clergyman, physician (vaccination) 1964 William Coaker union leader, politician 1985 James Cockburn Father of Confederation, first House of Commons Speaker 1939 George Coles Father of Confederation 1939 Enos Collins businesman (Halifax) 1974 Lionel Conacher athlete (Grey Cup, NHL) 1976 Ralph Connor (Charles William Gordon) novelist 1938 James Cook explorer, surveyor 1954 William Cormack explorer (Newfoundland) 1953 Louis de la Corne, Chevalier de la Corne military officer 1953 Edward Cornwallis military officer, Governor (Nova Scotia), founded Halifax 1974 Phillips Cosby military commander (Royal Navy, Mediterranean) 1945 Laurence Coughlan itinerant preacher 1965 George Albertus Cox businessman, Senator 1990 James Henry Coyne President Ontario Historical Society, member Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1945 Isabella Valancy Crawford poet, writer 1947 James George Aylwin Creighton laywer, engineer, journalist, athelete (development of ice hockey) 2008 Octave Crémazie poet 1937 Thomas Crerar politician (Progressive Party leader) 2004 Jean-Baptiste de La Croix de Chevrières de Saint-Vallier bishop 1990 A. E. Cross businessman, politician, co-founder Calgary Stampede 1971 Crowfoot (Isapo-Muxika) First Nations leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1945 Ernest Alexander Cruikshank historian, original chairman Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1943 Maurice Galbraith Cullen artist 1944 Samuel Cunard businessman (shipping) 1937 Arthur Currie military officer (World War I) 1934 Augustin Cuvillier Speaker (Lower Canada), banker (Bank of Montreal) 1969 Louis Cyr wrestler, weightlifter 1976 John Wesley Dafoe journalist (Winnipeg Free Press) 1974 William Davidson lumberman, politician 1949 Louis Henry Davies Premier (Prince Edward Island), judge (Chief Justice) 1937 Nicholas Flood Davin publisher (The Leader, Regina), politician 1947 John Davis Arctic explorer 1972 George Mercer Dawson scientist, surveyor 1937 John William Dawson geologist, university administrator (McGill) 1943 Robert MacGregor Dawson political scientist 1975 Louis de Buade de Frontenac Governor General (New France, pre-Confederation) 1974 Louis-Hector de Callière politician, diplomat 2001 Amor De Cosmos Premier (British Columbia), journalist (British Colonist) 1938 Mazo de la Roche novelist 1976 James De Mille novelist, humorist, professor 1937 Charles de Salaberry military officer (War of 1812) 1934 Demasduit among the final surviving Beothuks 2000 Modeste Demers bishop, missionary 1973 George Taylor Denison soldier, community leader, founded Canada First Movement, Imperial Federation League, role in North-West Rebellion 1937 Nicolas Denys explorer, trader, colonizer (Acadia) 1924 Carrie Derick botanist 2007 Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres Lieutenant-Governor (Cape Breton), cartographer 1925 Alphonse Desjardins businessman, began Caisse Populaire system 1971 Edouard Deville Surveyor General, developed photogrammetry 1971 Edgar Dewdney Lieutenant-Governor (Northwest Territories, British Columbia), reassigned territorial capital to Regina 1975 Robert B. Dickey Père de la Confédération 1939 Punch Dickins Pilote de brousse 1995 John Diefenbaker Premier ministre 1981 Thomas Dixson soldat (Fort Beauséjour) 1938 Donnacona Chef iroquois, enlevé par Jacques Cartier 1981 Antoine-Aimé Dorion cabinet minister (Justice), Chief Justice (Quebec) 1937 Onésime Dorval enseignant (Saskatchewan) 1954 Arthur Doughty Dominion Archivist, historian 1991 David Douglas botanist (Douglas Fir) 1979 Howard Douglas Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick), Chancellor (King's College, University of New Brunswick) 1925 James Douglas Governor (Vancouver Island, British Columbia) 1944 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk philantropist, colonizer 1943 Gordon Drummond military leader, role in War of 1812 1928 Charles Carter Drury naval leader 1938 Lyman Duff Chief Justice, constitutional expert 1971 Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava Governor General, diplomat, traveller, writer 1975 Margaret Iris Duley novelist (Newfoundland) 1976 Gabriel Dumont Métis leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1981 Charles Avery Dunning Premier (Saskatchewan); cabinet minister (Finance) 1985 Robert Dunsmuir coal miner, industrialist, politician 1971 Maurice Duplessis Premier (Québec), founded Union nationale 1974 Dorothy Dworkin nurse, businesswomanm, supported Jewish immigrants 2009 Timothy Eaton businessman 1971 Ezra Butler Eddy businessman (forestry products, matches) 1976 Charles Edenshaw (Tahagen, Tahayren) artist (Haïda) 1971 Henrietta Edwards women's rights activist, reformer 1962 J. S. Ewart lawyer, role in Manitoba schools dispute 1966 Robert Falconer university president 1944 Aegidius Fauteux librarian, historian 1955 Edward Feild clergyman, bishop, academic 2003 Reginald Fessenden inventor (radio, sonic depth finder) 1943 Peter Fidler explorer, trader, surveyor (Hudson's Bay Company) 1953 William Stevens Fielding Premier (Nova Scotia), cabinet minister (Finance) 1938 Charles Fisher Father of Confederation, Premier (New Brunswick) 1939 Charles Fitzpatrick Chief Justice, Lieutenant-Governor (Quebec), role in North-West Rebellion, lawyer for Louis Riel 1973 Michael Anthony Fleming bishop 2003 Sandford Fleming engineer and inventor (Standard Time) 1950 Pierre-Étienne Fortin politician, physician 1953 George Eulas Foster politician, academic (League of Nations) 1938 Terry Fox humanitarian, athlete (Marathon of Hope) 2008 Luke Fox Arctic explorer 1972 Gustave Francq trade unionist, publisher (Le Monde ouvrier/The Labor World) 2008 John Franklin Arctic explorer 1945 Archibald Fraser industrialist (lumber) 1975 Louis-Honoré Fréchette poet, author 1937 Lillian Bilsky Freiman organizer, philanthropist 2008 Benjamin Frobisher fur trader (North West Company) 1973 Joseph Frobisher fur trader, businessman (North West Company) 1973 Martin Frobisher Arctic explorer 1957 Thomas Frobisher fur trader, established Île-à-la-Crosse post 1973 Marie-Anne Gaboury settler, grandmother of Louis Riel 1982 William James Gage publisher (W. J. Gage, textbooks) 1938 Clarence Gagnon artist 1944 Alexander Tilloch Galt Father of Confederation, politician, businessman 1944 William Francis Ganong botanist, cartographer, historian 1945 James Garfield Gardiner Premier (Saskatchewan), cabinet minister (Agriculture) 1975 François-Xavier Garneau historian 1937 Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye explorer, fur trader 1920 Cyril Genik supported Ukrainian immigrantion in western Canada 1995 Antoine Gérin-Lajoie journalist, lawyer 1939 Marie Lacoste Gérin-Lajoie women's rights activist 1997 Abraham Pineo Gesner physician, geologist, inventor of kerosene 1954 John Murray Gibbon writer, cultural promoter (Canadian Authors' Association) 1954 Mifflin Wistar Gibbs politician, businessman, human rights activist 2009 Alexander Gibson industrialist 2007 Robert Giffard de Moncel nobleman, colonizer, physician, surgeon 1955 Humphrey Gilbert unsuccessful colonizer (Newfoundland) 1981 Edouard Percy Cranwell Girouard military engineer, developed African railways 1938 Oliver Goldsmith poet 1944 Cuthbert Grant Métis leader 1972 George Monro Grant educator, writer, university principal (Queen's) 1937 Louis-Pierre Gravel promoted settlement and agriculture 1956 John Hamilton Gray Father of Confederation, Speaker (New Brunswick) 1939 John Hamilton Gray Father of Confederation, Premier (Prince Edward Island) 1939 Wilfred Grenfell medical missionary (Newfoundland and Labrador) 1959 Grey Owl (Archibald Belaney) conservationist, author, speaker 1993 Lionel Groulx clergyman, historian, Quebec nationalist 1972 Casimir Gzowski Lieutenant-Governor (Ontario), engineer, constructed railroads, Niagara Parks Commission chair 1956 Frederick Haldimand Governor (Quebec), settler 1974 Arthur Lawrence Haliburton (Lord Haliburton) military officer, civil servant 1938 Thomas Chandler Haliburton author, satirist 1936 William Neilson Hall first Victoria Cross recipient of African heritage 2008 Ishbel Hamilton-Gordon, Marchioness of Aberdeen and Temair established Victorian Order of Nurses, National Council of Women 1979 Ned Hanlan athlete (rowing champion) 1938 Arthur Sturgis Hardy Premier, Attorney General (Ontario) 1948 James B. Harkin first national parks commissioner, established Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1955 Lawren Harris artist (Group of Seven) 1970 Robert Harris artist (painted Fathers of Confederation) 1945 Ezekiel Hart entrepreneur, politician, first Jew to be elected a legislator in the British Empire 1995 Julia Catherine (Beckwith) Hart author (St. Ursula's Convent) 1951 John Harvey Lieutenant-Governor (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick), Governor (Newfoundland) 1974 Frederick W. A. G. Haultain Premier (Northwest Territories), Chief Justice (Saskatchewan) 1946 Thomas Heath Haviland Father of Confederation 1939 Sir Edmund Walker Head, 8th Baronet Lieutenant-Governor (New Brunswick), Governor General (British North America, pre-Confederation) 1974 Samuel Hearne explorer,Governor (Prince of Wales Fort) 1936 Louis-Philippe Hébert artist (Quebec sculptor) 1937 Theodor August Heintzman manufacturer (pianos) 1974 Anthony Henday explorer, fur trader 1953 John Hendry industrialist (lumber) 1988 Louis Hennepin clergyman, explorer, cartographer 2008 Alexander Henry (The Elder) fur trader 1973 Alexander Henry (The Younger) fur trader (North West Company) 1973 William Alexander Henry Father of Confederation 1939 Josiah Henson author, abolitionist, minister, role in Underground Railroad 1995 William Hespeler businessman, immigration agent, politician 2000 James Jerome Hill businessman (Red River Transportation Company, Great Northern Railway) 1938 Francis Hincks politician 1969 Ella Cora Hind women's rights activist 1997 Gilles Hocquart administrator, Intendant (New France), established Les Forges du Saint-Maurice 1974 Samuel Holland engineer, Surveyor General (Quebec) 1989 Luther Hamilton Holton businessman, banker, cabinet minister (Finance) 1938 Adelaide Hoodless educational reformer 1960 Frederic William Howay historian, lawyer, judge 1944 C. D. Howe cabinet minister, established Atomic Energy of Canada 1984 Joseph Howe Premier (Nova Scotia), role in responsible government 1983 William Pearce Howland Father of Confederation 1959 Henry Hudson Arctic explorer (Hudson and James Bays) 1973 Sam Hughes cabinet minister (Militia and Defence), journalist, soldier 1969 William Roper Hull businessman, philanthropist, developer 1988 George Hunt linguist, ethnologist (West Coast cultures) 1989 Harold Innis economist, historian (communications theory) 1972 Ipirvik and Taqulittuq Inuit couple, assisted Arctic exploration 1981 James Isbister Métis leader 1997 A. Y. Jackson artist (Group of Seven) 1974 Charles William Jefferys artist 1954 Diamond Jenness anthropologist (First Nations culture) 1973 Louis-Amable Jetté Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice (Quebec) 1945 Sylvester Joe aboriginal guide 2002 Ethel Johns nurse, educator, administrator 2009 Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwakeh) poet, speaker (First Nations) 1945 Edward Johnson singer, manager (Metropolitan Opera Company) 1974 John Mercer Johnson Father of Confederation 1939 Louis Jolliet explorer (Mississippi River, with Marquette) 1944 William Judge missionary (Yukon) 1987 Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) First Nations leader, clergyman 1996 Paul Kane artist (Canadian West paintings) 1937 Thomas Keefer engineer, railroader (Hamilton Waterworks) 1938 Henry Kelsey explorer, fur trader 1931 John Kennedy civil engineer (Montreal harbour) 2001 William Frederick King surveyor, astronomer, civil servant (established Geodetic Survey of Canada, Dominion Observatory) 1959 William King clergyman, abolitionist 2005 William Lyon Mackenzie King Prime Minister 1967 William Kirby writer, historian (Annals of Niagara) 1946 David Kirke adventurer, colonizer, Governor (Newfoundland) 1968 A. M. Klein writer, lawyer (Jewish literature) 2007 Otto Julius Klotz astronomer, geographer (Dominion Observatory) 1938 Leon Joseph Koerner industrialist (forestry) 2009 Kondiaronk negotiator (Treaty of 1701) 2001 Cornelius Krieghoff artist 1972 Marguerite Vincent Lawinonkié artist 2008 John Kinder Labatt businessman (brewery) 1971 Albert Lacombe missionary 1932 Édouard Lacroix businessman, politician 2006 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine jurist, statesman, co-Premier (Province of Canada, pre-Confederation) 1937 Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière trapper, grandfather of Louis Riel 1981 David Laird Lieutenant-Governor (Northwest Territories), cabinet minister (Interior) 1950 John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham Governor General, High Commissioner (British North America) 1974 Archibald Lampman poet 1920 Pierre-Amand Landry lawyer, judge, politician, first Acadian to be knighted 1955 Franklin Knight Lane American politician, born in Prince Edward Island 1938 Hector-Louis Langevin Father of Confederation, cabinet minister (Public Works) 1938 Sam Langford boxer 1987 Ernest Lapointe cabinet minister 1954 Wilfrid Laurier Prime Minister 1938 François de Laval bishop 1972 Calixa Lavallée musician ("O Canada") 1966 Sheridan Lawrence farmer, businessman, judge 1954 James MacPherson Le Moine author, historian, ornithologist (Royal Society of Canada) 1938 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville soldier, explorer, administrator 1937 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville Governor (Louisiana), founded Mobile, Alabama and New Orleans 1953 Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay and family family of soldiers and colonizers 1957 Stephen Leacock writer, economist, particularly as humorist 1946 Camille Lefebvre clergyman, established Acadian Renaissance Movement 1997 Jean-Louis Légaré settler, trader 1969 Rodolphe Lemieux Speaker and cabinet minister (House of Commons), professor 1973 Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond Governor General 1923 Irma Levasseur physician (pediatrics) 2008 Arthur Lismer artist (Group of Seven) 1974 Philip Francis Little Premier (pre-confederation Newfoundland), role in responsible government 2007 George Exton Lloyd bishop, helped found Lloydminster 1953 George Locke librarian (Toronto Public Libraries), author, historian 1939 Grace Annie Lockhart first woman in British Empire to receive university Bachelor degree 1991 William Edmond Logan geologist (director, Geological Survey of Canada) 1967 Tom Longboat athlete, Boston Marathon winner 1976 Albert Peter Low geologist, explorer, athlete, surveyor 1972 John MacIntosh Lyle architect (Beaux-Arts style) 2008 Archibald Macallum biochemist, founded National Research Council 1938 Thomas Bassett Macaulay businessman (insurance) 1997 Andrew Archibald Macdonald Father of Confederation 1939 James E.H. MacDonald artist (Group of Seven) 1974 Margaret C. Macdonald nurse (World War I) 1982 John A. Macdonald Father of Confederation, Prime Minister 1939 William Christopher Macdonald manufacturer, philanthropist (Macdonald Tobacco) 1974 Alexander Macdonell bishop 1924 Angus Bernard MacEachern bishop 1968 Elsie MacGill aeronautical engineer 2007 Helen Gregory MacGill judge, campaigned for women's suffrage 1998 Alexander Mackenzie Prime Minister 1957 William Mackenzie railway entrepreneur (Canadian Northern Railway) 1976 William Lyon Mackenzie politician, journalist, led Upper Canada Rebellion 1949 Archibald MacMechan professor, writer 1946 H. R. MacMillan forester, industrialist 1987 Ernest MacMillan musician, composer, conductor 1984 Helen MacMurchy doctor, author, health care reformer 1997 Allan MacNab Premier (Province of Canada), politician, judge 1937 Agnes Macphail first female Member of Parliament 1985 Andrew Macphail physician, author, professor 1945 Charles Alexander Magrath surveyor, engineer, first mayor of Lethbridge, Alberta 1950 Charles Mair poet, nationalist, promoted western development 1937 Jeanne Mance settler, nurse, established hospital (Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal) 1998 Donald Mann railroader (Canadian Northern Railway) 1976 Charles Marega artist 2009 Marie-Victorin botanist, monastic, author, educator 1987 Jacques Marquette priest, explorer (Mississippi River, with Louis Jolliet) 1937 Paul Mascarene Lieutenant-Governor (Nova Scotia), defended Annapolis Royal 1929 Kèsh (Skookum Jim Mason) explorer, discovered gold (Yukon) 1994 Vincent Massey Governor General 1974 Hart Massey businessman, philanthropist (Massey-Harris, Massey Hall) 1971 Matonabbee First Nations leader, role in Samuel Hearne expedition 1981 Wilfrid R. "Wop" May aviator (World War I ace, established bush piloting) 1974 Peter McArthur writer, farmer 1946 Richard McBride Premier and Agent General (British Columbia) 1938 Francis Leopold McClintock Arctic explorer 1972 Nellie McClung politician, feminist, social activist (first female board member of CBC) 1954 Robert McClure Arctic explorer 1972 Grant McConachie businessman, aviator (development of northwestern Canadian service) 2007 David Ross McCord lawyer, philanthropist, founded McCord Museum in Montreal 2000 John McCrae physician, soldier, poet ("In Flanders Fields") 1946 Thomas McCulloch educator (Pictou Academy, Dalhousie College) 1959 Jonathan McCully Father of Confederation 1939 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy aviator (first to pilot an aircraft in British Empire), Lieutenant-Governor (Nova Scotia) 1974 George Millward McDougall missionary, role in Treaty 6 1969 William McDougall Father of Confederation, politician 1943 Thomas D'Arcy McGee Father of Confederation, writer, Irish nationalist 1943 Donald McKay ship designer and builder 1938 R. Tait McKenzie surgeon, artist, physical educator 1958 Louise McKinney first female legistlator in the British Empire (Alberta) 1939 Samuel McLaughlin businessman, philanthropist (automotive industry) 1989 John McLoughlin Hudson's Bay Company chief factor, "Father of Oregon" 1951 Marshall McLuhan professor, author (media analysis) 2007 William McMaster businessman, Senator, banker 1990 Violet Clara McNaughton social reformer (Women Grain Growers) 1997 Alexander James McPhail social reformer (agriculture), Canadian Wheat Pool president 1971 Arthur Meighen Prime Minister 1961 Jean-Baptiste Meilleur doctor, educator 2002 Henri Membertou (Anli-Maopeltoog) First Nations leader, role in establishing Mi'kmaq-French Alliance 1981 Men of Letters (Acadia) - (Pascal Poirier, Placide Gaudet, John Clarence Webster, Israël Landry and Ferdinand Joseph Robidoux) writers (Acadia) 1955 Charles de Menou d'Aulnay Governor (Acadia), colonizer 1972 Honoré Mercier Premier (Quebec), journalist, lawyer 1938 William Hamilton Merritt businessman, role in building the Welland Canal 1974 David Mills cabinet minister (Interior and Justice) 1954 Mattie Mitchell First Nations figure, explorer and hunter (Newfoundland) 2002 Peter Mitchell Father of Confederation, Prime Minister (New Brunswick, pre-Confederation) 1938 Mokwina First Nations leader (Moachat Confederacy) 1987 William Molson businessman 1971 Charles Monck, 4th Viscount Monck first Governor General of Confederation 1974 Lucy Maud Montgomery author (Anne of Green Gables) 1943 Frederick Montizambert physician, civil servant (quarantining) 1998 Susanna Moodie author, settler 1975 Sewell Moody businessman (sawmills) 1988 Howie Morenz hockey player 1976 Adrien-Gabriel Morice missionary, author 1948 Augustin-Norbert Morin lawyer, Superior Court Justice, role in Reform Coalition 1938 James Wilson Morrice artist 1954 Alexander Morris Chief Justice (Manitoba), politician, role in 1864 Great Coalition 1971 Arthur Silver Morton teacher, historian, archivist (Saskatchewan) 1952 William Richard Motherwell cabinet minister (Agriculture); established Territorial Grain Growers' Association 1966 Oliver Mowat Father of Confederation, Premier (Ontario) 1934 Beamish Murdoch lawyer, politician, writer 1937 Emily Murphy first female judge in British Empire, author, women's rights activist 1958 James Murray Governor (Quebec), Military Governor (Quebec District) 1955 Leonard W. Murray admiral (North Atlantic Convoy, World War II) 1977 Anthony Musgrave Governor (Newfoundland, British Columbia), role in British Columbia joining Confederation 1975 James Naismith inventor of basketball, physician, promoter of physical education 1976 Neekaneet (Foremost Man) First Nations leader (Plains Cree) 1981 John Neilson politician, editor, journalist, reformer 1976 Émile Nelligan poet (L'École littéraire de Montréal) 1974 Nescambiouit First Nations leader 2005 Simon Newcomb astronomer, mathematician (United States Naval Observatory, Nautical Almanac) 1935 Gilbert Stuart Newton artist (Royal Academy) 1944 Margaret Newton scientist (agriculture, grains) 1996 Guido Nincheri artist, decorator 2007 Percy Erskine Nobbs architect 2008 Charles Sherwood Noble inventor (agricultural machinery) 2002 John Norquay Premier (Manitoba), Métis statesman 1943 William Notman photographer, businessman 1975 'Doc' Harold Anthony Oaks bush pilot (Patricia Airways) 1974 Jonathan Odell poet, clergyman, surgeon, Secretary (New Brunswick) 1959 William Ogilvie Commissioner (Yukon), surveyor, explorer, author 1970 Joseph Oleskiw professor, promoted Ukrainian immigration 1996 Frank Oliver cabinet minister (Interior), journalist 1947 David Oppenheimer Mayor (Vancouver), businessman, Jewish community leader 2008 Oronhyatekha first Canadian First Nations physician 2001 William Osler physician, medical researcher and educator 1950 Daniel David Palmer founded chiropractic medicine 1993 Edward Palmer Father of Confederation, Premier (Prince Edward Island) 1939 Louis-Joseph Papineau politician, lawyer, seigneur (Montebello, la Petite-Nation), Patroit Movement leader 1937 Étienne Parent civil servant, journalist, editor Le Canadien 1974 Sir Gilbert Parker, 1st Baronet politician, author (romance novels) 1938 George Robert Parkin author, educator, Imperial Federation Movement leader 1938 Irene Parlby politician, rural leader, campaigned to allow women in the Senate 1966 William Edward Parry Arctic explorer 1971 Walter Patterson Governor (Prince Edward Island) 1974 The Peacemakers: Albert Lacombe, John McDougall brokered peace between First Nations groups 1932 William Pearce surveyor, planner (western Canada) 1973 Lester B. Pearson Prime Minister 1974 Paul Peel artist (of the French Academic School) 1937 Chief Peguis First Nations leader 2008 Wilfrid Pelletier orchestra conductor, founded Conservatoire de Musique 1988 Wilder Penfield neurosurgeon (Montreal Neurological Institute) 1988 Simeon Perkins businessman, diarist, politician 1946 Nicolas Perrot explorer, diplomat, fur trader 1952 Piapot First Nations leader 1981 Pitikwahanapiwiyin (Poundmaker) First Nations leader 1967 Peter Pitseolak photographer, artist, historian, hunter 1981 John Stanley Plaskett astronomer (Dominion Astrophysical Observatory) 1949 Peter Pond fur trader, cartographer, explorer (role in establishing North West Company) 1951 Georgina Pope nurse (first matron of Army Medical Corps) 1983 James Colledge Pope Premier (Prince Edward Island), cabinet minister (Marine and Fisheries) 1938 Joseph Pope civil servant, author 1938 William Henry Pope Father of Confederation 1939 Philip Louis Pratley bridge designer (Dominion Bridge) 2005 E. J. Pratt poet 1975 Richard Preston escaped slaved, black community leader 2005 William Price businessman, politician (forest products) 2003 Léon Abel Provancher priest, naturalist, author 1994 Pierre-Esprit Radisson explorer, cartographer, fur trader, role in Hudson's Bay Company 1971 John Rae explorer, physician, fur trader 1973 James Ralston cabinet minister (National Defence) 1973 Alice Ravenhill educator, author, social and educational reformer 2008 Red Crow First Nations leader (Blood tribe), signatory to Treaty 7 1977 John Reeves judge, historian 1995 George Agnew Reid artist, president (Ontario Society of Artists, Royal Canadian Academy of Art) 1948 Marcel-François Richard role in Acadia - developed flag, anthem and patron day 2004 William Buell Richards Supreme Court of Canada judge 1938 Harriette Taber Richardson Promoted reconstruction of Port Royal Habitation 1949 John Richardson soldier (War of 1812), poet, novelist, established New Era journal 1938 Louis Riel Métis leader, role in North-West Rebellion 1956 John William Ritchie Father of Confederation, Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice 1959 Joseph-Noël Ritchot clergyman 1990 Charles G.D. Roberts poet 1945 Charles Walker Robinson soldier, author 1938 John Beverley Robinson mayor (Toronto), Lieutenant-Governor (Ontario), member of Family Compact 1937 John Robson Premier (British Columbia), established first British Columbia newspaper 1938 Marie Marguerite Rose abolitionist, freed slave 2008 Sir John Rose, 1st Baronet politician, banker, diplomat 1973 Bobbie Rosenfeld athlete (Olympic gold medalist) 1976 Alexander Ross fur trader, author, role in Pacific Fur Company and North West Company 1951 James Hamilton Ross Member of North-West Council and Assembly, Commissioner (Yukon) 1948 George William Ross Premier (Ontario), Senate Liberal leader 1937 James Clark Ross Arctic explorer 1972 John Ross Arctic explorer 1972 John Rowand fur trader, Chief factor (Hudson's Bay Company) 1954 Gabrielle Roy author 2008 Ernest Rutherford physicist (nuclear pioneer) 1939 Egerton Ryerson clergyman, educator, politician, school advocate 1934 Mary Anne Sadlier author (religious subjects) 2008 Idola Saint-Jean women's rights activist 1997 Bernard Keble Sandwell editor, writer, role in Saturday Night 1955 Edward Sapir anthropologist, linguist, expert on First Nations 1983 Margaret Marshall Saunders author 1947 Charles E. Saunders agronomist (Marquis wheat) 1938 William Saunders pharmacist, scientist, civil servant, author, role with Experimental farms 1952 Savalette established Acadian "sedentary" fisheries 1944 Frank W. Schofield veterinarian 2009 Jacob Gould Schurman educator, philosopher, academic president (Cornell University) 1943 Duncan Campbell Scott poet (Confederation poets) 1948 Richard William Scott politician, supported Ontario Separate School Act 1938 Joseph E. Seagram alcohol distiller, politician 1971 Laura Secord heroine, War of 1812 2002 Hans Selye medical researcher (stress) 1989 Ernest Thompson Seton writer, conservationist, artist, social reformer 1995 Jonathan Sewell Chief Justice (Lower Canada), supported Confederation 1956 Mary Ann Shadd editor, leader (Black Refugee Movement) 1994 Shanawdithit last surviving Beothuk 2000 Ambrose Shea Father of Confederation, Speaker (Newfoundland House) 1959 Francis Joseph Sherman poet, banker 1945 Adam Shortt historian, author, role in Canadian Civil Service Commission 1938 Clifford Sifton cabinet minister (Interior), promoted immigration 1955 John Graves Simcoe Lieutenant-Governor (Upper Canada), military leader (Queen's Rangers) 1974 George Simpson Governor-in-Chief (Rupert's Land), General Superintendent (Hudson's Bay Company) 1927 Thomas Simpson Arctic explorer 1937 Oscar D. Skelton historian, economist, established Department of External Affairs 1947 Frank Leith Skinner horticulturalist 1997 Joshua Slocum mariner, explorer, author, first solo sailor to travel throughout the world 1957 Charlotte Small Métis figure, role in fur trade 2008 Joey Smallwood Father of Confederation, Premier (Newfoundland) 1996 Albert James Smith Premier (New Brunswick), cabinet minister (Marine and Fisheries) 1949 Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal fur trader, railroader (Canadian Pacific), politician, role with Hudson's Bay Company 1971 Goldwin Smith historian, journalist 1975 Mary Ellen Smith politician 2007 Mary Meager Southcott nurse, superintendent 1998 Louis St. Laurent Prime Minister 1973 Sam Steele soldier, Superintendent (North West Mounted Police) 1938 William Steeves Father of Confederation, industrialist, senator 1939 Vilhjalmur Stefansson Arctic explorer 1964 Stephan G. Stephansson poet 1946 George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen banker, railroader (Canada Pacific Railway), philanthropist 1971 Emily Stowe first woman to practise as a Canadian doctor, women's rights activist 1995 John Strachan bishop, founded King's College 1925 Gilfred Studholme army officer, role in constructing Fort Howe 1927 Benjamin Sulte historian (French Canada) 1928 Alexandre-Antonin Taché bishop, missionary, writer 1943 Étienne-Paschal Taché Father of Confederation, headed Coalition Government 1937 François-Xavier Picard Tahourenche archivist 2008 Jean Talon Intendant (New France) 1974 Joseph Israël Tarte journalist, politician, cabinet minister (Public Works) 1973 Tecumseh First Nations leader, role in War of 1812 1931 James Teit ethnographer (First Nations) 1994 Tessouat and le Borgne First Nations leaders 1983 Thanadelthur First Nations figure, role in northern fur trade 2000 George McCall Theal educator, historian, archivist (South Africa) 1937 Louis Thomas (Maliseet) defended Maliseet rights and interests 2002 William Thomas architect 1974 David Thompson fur trader, cartographer, surveyor 1927 John Sparrow David Thompson Prime Minister 1937 Stanley Thompson architect (golf courses) 2005 Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham Governor General, established Union of the Canadas 1926 Edward William Thomson writer (editorials for Globe, Toronto) 1938 Tom Thomson artist (influenced the Group of Seven) 1958 Samuel Leonard Tilley Father of confederation, cabinet minister 1937 William Tomison role in Hudson's Bay Company 1974 Henry Marshall Tory university president, first National Research Council president 1949 Catharine Parr Traill author 1974 Jennie Kidd Trout first Canadian woman licenced as physician 1995 Pierre Trudeau Prime Minister 2001 Joseph Trutch Lieutenant-Governor (British Columbia) 1975 Ignace-Nicolas Vincent Tsawenhohi First Nations leader 2001 Harriet Tubman abolitionist, humanitarian (Underground Railroad) 2005 Charles Tupper Prime Minister, Father of Confederation 1957 William Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon Attorney General (Saskatchewan), diplomat, judge 1981 Wallace Rupert Turnbull inventor, aeronautical engineer (wind tunnel) 1960 Philip Turnor surveyor, cartographer (Hudson's Bay Company surveyor) 1973 Joseph Tyrrell geologist, historian, cartographer (Geological Survey of Canada) 1970 James Boyle Uniacke Premier (Nova Scotia) 1938 William Cornelius Van Horne railroader (Canadian Pacific) 1954 George Vancouver explorer 1933 Georges Vanier Governor General, soldier, Ambassador (to France) 1983 Frederick Varley artist (Group of Seven) 1974 Madeleine de Verchères defended family fort 1923 Peter Vasilevich Verigin Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood, Doukhobor emigration 2008 Louis-Guillaume Verrier founded law school 1952 Samuel Vetch soldier, Governor (Nova Scotia) 1928 Hiram Walker industrialist, developed distillery, ferry and railway in Windsor, Ontario 1971 Horatio Walker artist, Royal Academy of Art 1939 Byron Edmund Walker businessman, arts patron 1938 Provo Wallis Royal Navy officer, capture USS Chesapeake, War of 1812 1945 James Morrow Walsh North West Mounted Police, Commissioner of Yukon 1967 Angus J. Walters fishing captain 2005 Homer Ransford Watson artist 1939 Margaret Robertson Watt aka Madge Watt Associated Country Women of the World 2007 George Edward Watts Vice-admiral, War of 1812 1945 John Clarence Webster Surgeon, historian, author, professor, chair Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada 1950 John Wentworth Lieutenant-Governor Nova Scotia 1974 Philip Westphal Navy Admiral 1945 George Augustus Westphal Navy Admiral 1945 Arthur Oliver Wheeler surveyor, National Park Movement, Alpine Club 1995 Seager Wheeler agriculturist 1976 Edward Whelan Father of Confederation, journalist, speaker 1939 Richard Whitbourne Newfoundland businessman, promoted settlement 1984 Portia White musician 1995 Healey Willan musician, professor 1984 John Stephen Willison editor 1938 Thomas Willson inventor (noted for acetylene) 1972 Lemuel Allan Wilmot Lieutenant-Governor New Brunswick, politician and judge 1938 Robert Duncan Wilmot Father of Confederation, Senator 1959 Cairine Reay Mackay Wilson first woman Senator 2005 Mona Gordon Wilson Prince Edward Island Public Health Nursing Division 2008 Edward Winslow loyalist; founded Fredericton, settlements in Saint John River Valley 1951 Hirsch Wolofsky, aka Harry Wolofsky Montreal Jewish community leader; founded Eagle Publishing Company 2007 William Wolseley Royal Navy Admiral (East Indies, Mediterranean) 1945 Wong Foon Sien Chinese-Canadian activist 2008 Henry Wise Wood founded Canada Wheat Pools 1962 J. S. Woodsworth CCF leader 1972 Philemon Wright lumber merchant, Ottawa Valley settler 1976 George MacKinnon Wrong professor 1950 James Lucas Yeo War of 1812 Commander 1937 Nellie Yip Quong community advocate; Euro-Canadian/Chinese Canadian intermediary 2008 John Young farmer, businessman, agricultural reformer 1951 William Young Premier (Nova Scotia), judge 1951 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville saint, founded Order of the Sisters of Charity 1973
- / 2427693/story.html Huit personnes nommées les personnes d'importance historique nationale. Consulté le 2010-01 -11. Jaimet :
- .ca/eng/docs/r/system-reseau/sec1/sites-lieux11.aspx Les personnes d'importance historique nationale, Parcs Canada. Consulté le 2010-01-16
- Government of Canada celebrates the historical significance of Dorothy Dworkin (1889-1976), Parks Canada (6 July 2009). Consulté le 2010-01-17.
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