Navigation Acts

Navigation Acts

Actes de Navigation

Les Actes de Navigation, sont une série de textes du parlement britannique, promulgués par Cromwell à partir de 1651 à la suite du refus que firent les Provinces-Unies de s'allier à l'Angleterre, alors en république.

Plusieurs textes successifs furent adoptés jusqu'à 1763 environ.

Ces textes avaient pour but d'exclure les étrangers des ports de l'Angleterre et d'assurer aux marins britanniques le monopole du commerce des colonies avec la métropole.

Ces actes d'une politique étroite, mais surtout relevant d'une logique purement protectionniste ont été abolis en 1849, avec la victoire des libre-échangistes dans le débat public.

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