Lucy Suchman

Lucy Suchman

Lucy Suchman est une anthropologue et sociologue britannique d'origine américaine. Elle est professeur d'anthropologie des sciences et de Science and technology studies au département de sociologie de l'université de Lancaster.

Avant d'enseigner à Lancaster, elle occupait le poste de scientifique en chef et directrice du Work Practice and Technology area au Xerox PARC de Palo Alto (Californie).

Dans son ouvrage intiulé Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-machine Communication (1987), elle fournit les bases intellectuelles au champ des « human-computer interaction » (HCI). Elle soutient la thèse que l'interaction est un phénomène anthropologique où l'action humaine est constamment construite et reconstruite en fonction d'interactions dynamiques avec les mondes matériel et social. Sa théorie de la cognition située (situated cognition) insiste sur l'importance de l'environnement comme étant partie intégrale du processus cognitif.

Suchman est également l'auteur de contributions importantes à l'analyse ethnographique, à l'analyse conversationnelle et aux techniques de design participatif pour le développment des systèmes informatiques interactifs.

Distinctions

  • 1988: Xerox Corporate Research Group's Excellence in Science and Technology Award
  • 2002: Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science [1]

Principales publications

  • Plans and situated actions : the problem of human-machine communication, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1987
  • Response to Vera and Simon's Situated Action: A Symbolic Interpretation, Cognitive Science, 17:71--75, 1993.
  • Human-Machine Reconfigurations. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007.


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