An History of the Corruptions of Christianity

An History of the Corruptions of Christianity
Page de titre de l'ouvrage : An History of the Corruptions of Christianity de Joseph Priestley

An History of the Corruptions of Christianity, publié par Joseph Johnson en 1782, est le quatrième tome des Institutes of Natural and Revealed Religion (1772-74) du prêtre dissident Joseph Priestley[1].

L'argument majeur de Priestley dans les Institutes est que les seules vérités religieuses qui peuvent être acceptés sont celles qui se conforment aux lois de la nature. Parce que son point de vue sur la religion est profondément lié à sa compréhension de la nature, le texte du théisme repose sur l'argument de la conception. Nombre des arguments de Pristley sont issus du déisme et de la religion comparée du XVIIIe siècle[2]. Les Institutes choquèrent et consternèrent de nombreux lecteurs, principalement parce qu'ils contestaient l'orthodoxie chrétienne de base, comme la divinité du Christ et le miracle de la conception virginale. Priestley souhaitait ramener le christianisme à sa forme « primitive » ou « pure », en éliminant les « corruptions », qui furent accumulées au fil des siècles. La quatrième partie des Institutes, An History of the Corruptions of Christianity, est si long qu'il est contraint de le publier séparément en 1782. Priestley estimait que les Corruptions était l'ouvrage le plus précieux qu'il ait jamais publié[3].

Notes et références

  1. Joseph Priestley, An History of the Corruptions of Christianity. 2 vols. Birmingham: Printed by Piercy and Jones; London: Printed for J. Johnson, 1782. (OCLC 6593413)
  2. Robert E. Schofield 1997, p. 174; Jenny Uglow 2002, p. 169; Alan Tapper 2002, p. 315; Anne Holt 1931, p. 44
  3. John McLachlan 1987–90, p. 261; F. W. Gibbs 1965, p. 38; Joe Jackson 2005, p. 102; Jenny Uglow 2002, p. 169

Bibliographie

  • (en) F. W. Gibbs, Joseph Priestley: Adventurer in Science and Champion of Truth., London, Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1965 (OCLC 60943449) 
  • (en) Anne Holt, A Life of Joseph Priestley., London, Oxford University Press, 1931 (OCLC 230752942) 
  • (en) Joe Jackson, A World on Fire: A Heretic, an Aristocrat and the Race to Discover Oxygen, New York, Viking, 2005 (ISBN 0670034347) 
  • (en) Steven Johnson, The invention of air : a story of science, faith, revolution, and the birth of America, New York, Riverhead Books, 2008 (ISBN 1594488525) 
  • (en) John McLachlan, Transactions of the Unitarian Historical Society, vol. 19, London, Lindsey Press, 1987–90 (OCLC 2526807), « Joseph Priestley and the Study of History » 
  • (en) Robert E. Schofield, The Enlightenment of Joseph Priestley: A Study of his Life and Work from 1733 to 1773, University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997 (ISBN 0271016620) 
  • (en) Robert E. Schofield, The Enlightened Joseph Priestley: A Study of His Life and Work from 1773 to 1804, University Park, Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004 (ISBN 0271024593) 
  • (en) Alan Tapper, Dictionary of Literary Biography, British Philosophers 1500–1799, Detroit, Eds. Philip B. Dematteis and Peter S. Fosl. Gale Group, 2002, « Joseph Priestley » 
  • (en) Thomas Edward Thorpe, Joseph Priestley, London, J.M. Dent & Co.; New York, E.P. Dutton & Co., 1906 (OCLC 6129836) 
  • (en) Jenny Uglow, The Lunar Men: Five Friends Whose Curiosity Changed the World, New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002 (ISBN 0374194408) 

Voir aussi


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