Caloosa

Caloosa

Calusa

Calusa

Les Calusa, parfois appelés Caloosa ou Calosa, étaient une tribu amérindienne qui vivait sur la côte et le long des cours d'eau du sud-ouest de la Floride. Calusa signifie hommes puissants. Ils habitaient des maisons sur pilotis sans murs et aux toits de feuilles de palmiers tressées. Les Calusa étaient des guerriers.

On estime que la population calusa comptait 50 000 individus avant l'arrivée des Européens ; la tribu contrôlait alors la plus grande partie du sud de la Floride. Les Calusa furent la première tribu amérindienne que les explorateurs espagnols rencontrèrent en 1513.

Bibliographie

  • Bullen, Adelaide K. 1965. "Florida Indians of Past and Present", in Carson, Ruby Leach and Tebeau, Charlton. Florida from Indian trail to space age: a history. (Vol. I, pp. 317-350). Southern Publishing Company.
  • Goggin, John M., and William C. Sturtevant. "The Calusa: A Stratified, Nonagricultural Society (With Notes on Sibling Marriage)." In Explorations in Cultural Anthropology: Essays Presented to George Peter Murdock. Ed. Ward H. Goodenough. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, 179-219.
  • Hann, John, ed. & trans. Missions to the Calusa. University of Florida Press, 1991.
  • Macmahon, Darcie A. Macmahon and William H. Marquardt. The Calusa And Their Legacy: South Florida People And Their Environments. University of Florida Press, 2004.
  • Marquardt, William H. ed. Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa. Institute of Archaeology and Paleoenvironmental Studies Monograph #1. University of Florida, 1992.
  • Widmer, Randolph J. The Evolution of the Calusa: A Nonagricultural Chiefdom on the Southwest Florida Coast. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1988.
  • Portail de la Floride Portail de la Floride
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