Modulo

Modulo
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Modulo est un terme relatif à la congruence, notamment :

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Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Modulo de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

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  • Modulo — In the mathematical community, the word modulo is often used informally. Generally, to say A is the same as B modulo C means, more or less, A and B are the same except for differences accounted for or explained by C . In the various branches of… …   Wikipedia

  • modulo — preposition Etymology: New Latin, ablative of modulus Date: 1897 with respect to a modulus of < 19 and 54 are congruent modulo 7 > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Primitive root modulo n — In modular arithmetic, a branch of number theory, a primitive root modulo n is any number g with the property that any number coprime to n is congruent to a power of g (mod n ). That is, if g is a primitive root (mod n ) and gcd( a , n ) = 1,… …   Wikipedia

  • Quadratic residue — In number theory, an integer q is called a quadratic residue modulo n if it is congruent to a perfect square modulo n; i.e., if there exists an integer x such that: Otherwise, q is called a quadratic nonresidue modulo n. Originally an abstract… …   Wikipedia

  • Modular arithmetic — In mathematics, modular arithmetic (sometimes called clock arithmetic) is a system of arithmetic for integers, where numbers wrap around after they reach a certain value the modulus. The Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler pioneered the modern… …   Wikipedia

  • Dirichlet character — In number theory, Dirichlet characters are certain arithmetic functions which arise from completely multiplicative characters on the units of . Dirichlet characters are used to define Dirichlet L functions, which are meromorphic functions with a… …   Wikipedia

  • Check digit — A check digit is a form of redundancy check used for error detection, the decimal equivalent of a binary checksum. It consists of a single digit computed from the other digits in the message. With a check digit, one can detect simple errors in… …   Wikipedia

  • Euler's criterion — In mathematics, Euler s criterion is used in determining in number theory whether a given integer is a quadratic residue modulo a prime. DefinitionEuler s criterion states: Let p be an odd prime and a an integer coprime to p . Then a is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Proofs of Fermat's little theorem — This article collects together a variety of proofs of Fermat s little theorem, which states that:a^p equiv a pmod p ,!for every prime number p and every integer a (see modular arithmetic). Simplifications Some of the proofs of Fermat s little… …   Wikipedia

  • Chinese remainder theorem — The Chinese remainder theorem is a result about congruences in number theory and its generalizations in abstract algebra. In its most basic form it concerned with determining n, given the remainders generated by division of n by several numbers.… …   Wikipedia

  • Equidistributed sequence — In mathematics, a bounded sequence {s1, s2, s3, …} of real numbers is said to be equidistributed, or uniformly distributed, if the proportion of terms falling in a subinterval is proportional to the length of that interval. Such sequences are… …   Wikipedia

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